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Oil & Gas Industry Training



Although the PLC has been with us for more than thirty years, its role in the industrial environment is still subject to much debate and controversy. For many of its early years its role was confined to simple sequence control and interlocking. Later, however, with the advance of increasingly sophisticated microprocessor technology, analog capability – particularly PID control – became an integral part of the PLC functionality. By itself, however, the PLC was essentially blind and it was really only with the advent of the NT-based Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems that the PLC/SCADA took on a new life – competing directly with advanced DCS systems.

PLC/SCADA systems are still both widely misunderstood and widely misapplied.This workshop, ‘PLC and SCADA Systems’, is designed to provide engineers and technicians with the basic theoretical and practical understanding of PLC and SCADA systems and how this can be applied to optimize their systems in terms of safety, flexibility and costs.

What you will learn

The course is based on a wealth of experiential knowledge gleaned from the author's experience working within a systems integration company and also feedback from more than 4000 technicians and engineers who have attended the author’s workshops. On successful completion of this workshop delegates will be able to:

  • understand the fundamentals principles of the PLC
  • identify the basic components
  • employ basic and advanced programming
  • carry out installation audit
  • be able to apply program maintenance and quality measurement
  • Improve system availability
  • Understand basic serial communications
  • Put into place a simulation and testing programs
  • apply commonsense installation practices
  • implement and maintain software quality control
  • recognize the specific requirements of the PLC in safety-related applications
  • carry out simulation, testing and problem isolation
  • Recognize the different components of a SCADA system
  • investigate the requirements for SCADA software
  • evaluate the requirements for PLC-to-SCADA communications

Training methodology

Throughout the workshop, participants will learn through active participation using exercises, questionnaires, and practical simulation sessions covering:

  • hardware diagnostics
  • basic programming
  • advanced programming
  • operations
  • maintenance
  • implementation of different algorithms
  • realization of various communication strategies.

Who should attend

Professionals involved in designing, selecting, sizing, specifying, installing, testing, operating and maintaining process instrumentation and control systems

  • Automation Engineers
  • Chemical Engineers
  • Consulting Engineers
  • Design Engineers
  • Electrical Engineers
  • Electricians
  • Installation and Maintenance Technicians
  • Instrument and Process Control Engineers and Technicians
  • Instrument Fitters
  • Maintenance Engineers
  • Mechanical Engineers and Technicians
  • Operations Engineers
  • Process Engineers
  • Process Operators
  • Production Managers
  • Project Managers
  • System Integrators


Workshop length

3 days

What you will receive

  • ‘PLC and SCADA Systems’ – a 200-page reference book.
  • Acrobat copy of all PowerPoint slides used in the presentation on USB Flash Memory Drive.
  • Certification of attendance: each delegate will receive a workshop certificate documenting their attendance

What people say:

“Mick has received excellent reviews and positive feedback for all his courses. His down-to-earth, practical, and entertaining approach makes him a sought-after speaker and lecturer in a wide variety of disciplines.” - IDC Technologies
“Presented in an easily understood manner.” - E. Maughn, Eskom
“Really knows his subject.” M. Radcliff, Houston Texas
““I gained a full understanding for the first time.” - G. Duff, Krohne Instruments, Sedgefield
“Excellent presenter” - A. Blazey, Siemens-Milltronics, Canada
“Easily understood” - Bob Lawson, Nissan, UK
“I enjoyed the workshop immensely” - T. Fawcett, Krohne, UK
“Gained useful insight into a complex subject” - E. Carter, Johannesburg, South Africa


Basic components of PLC

  • Fundamentals principles
  • CPU
  • Memory
  • I/O section and addressing
  • Digital I/O modules
  • Analog I/O modules

PLC programming

  • Ladder logic instructions
  • Basic arithmetic instructions
  • Matrix logic
  • File or block manipulation
  • Jump, skips and subroutines

PLC instruction sets

  • Memory organisation
  • Input/output addressing
  • Duplicate coils
  • Timers

Installation Practices

  • Interference or noise reduction
  • Cable spacing and routing
  • Earthing and grounding
  • Safety circuits
  • Control room requirements and layout

Code quality and maintenance

  • Program maintenance
  • Change procedures
  • Defect detection
  • Quality measurement and demonstration

Advanced programming

  • Matrix logic
  • Multiplexing
  • Coding/decoding

Power generation

  • Designing and sizing an electrical system
  • Generator system operation
  • Power factor correction
  • Power distribution

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Analog control

  • Analog inputs
  • Signal filtering
  • Analog control

Fault tolerance

  • Improving system availability
  • Hot standby systems
  • Cold standby

Safety related systems

  • Safety lifecycle
  • Systematic failures/rates
  • Voting systems
  • Software reliability
  • Field equipment

Upgrading Strategies

Simulation and testing

  • Factory acceptance testing (FAT)
  • Transport and reassembly
  • Simulation packages
  • Physical test panels
  • I/O emulation systems

Problem Isolation and Testing

SCADA Hardware

  • Field level Instrumentation and control
  • Marshalling terminals and RTUs
  • Communication System
  • Master Stations

SCADA Software

  • Communications protocol
  • Data objects
  • Interchangeability
  • Proprietary systems

Grounding and bonding

  • System grounding
  • Ignition sources
  • Bonding techniques